Tuesday, November 8, 2011

Some general information and links on C/C++, Fortran, and Java and an IDE or editor-compiler combination

While exploring new computer programming languages (as of right now I am fairly good with MATLAB/Octave m-file programming;  I did take a class on C programming back in college, but I have rarely used it so I pretty much know nothing about other languages;  I feel it is important to try to learn as many as possible because this will help with my general understanding of computer programming and it will be a great marketing tool for job searches), I have come across some interesting and helpful links which include forum discussions and other websites.  For this post I am going to put up some links I have found while searching topics such as: best IDE in Ubuntu 11.10, best IDE in linux or Ubuntu 11.11 for C/C++, Fortran, and/or Java, Eclipse IDE, etc.  This post is going to strictly deal with C/C++ and IDEs.

There seem to be many options for a computer language editor and compiler for Ubuntu.  The first is using a text editor such as gedit, jEdit, or the many others available in Ubuntu to write the program, then compile the program in the terminal using GCC.  The second route is to use an all in one package to write and compile usually called an IDE.  As of now I am trying out Geany.  Many others include Eclipse, Emacs, Vi, Code::Blocks, Code Lite, Anjuta, etc.  There is also the option to download and install the non-commercial Intel compilers.

Here is a link from the Ubuntu Community site on how to install and a little about GCC.  https://help.ubuntu.com/community/InstallingCompilers

Link and information on GCC, the GNU Compiler Collection.  http://gcc.gnu.org/

The GNU Compiler Collection includes front ends for C, C++, Objective-C, Fortran, Java, Ada, and Go, as well as libraries for these languages (libstdc++, libgcj,...). GCC was originally written as the compiler for the GNU operating system. The GNU system was developed to be 100% free software, free in the sense that it respects the user's freedom. 
We strive to provide regular, high quality releases, which we want to work well on a variety of native and cross targets (including GNU/Linux), and encourage everyone to contribute changes or help testing GCC. Our sources are readily and freely available via SVN and weekly snapshots. 
Major decisions about GCC are made by the steering committee, guided by the mission statement.

GCC has support for


C++ http://gcc.gnu.org/projects/cxx0x.html

Fortran http://gcc.gnu.org/fortran/

Java http://gcc.gnu.org/java/

and a few others.

Here is an Ubuntu Forum thread over a C/C++ IDE for commercial use.  Even though they mention commercial, there is still some interesting discussions on Eclipse and a few other IDEs.  http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=172849

Some links on how to run and compile a C/C++ code on Ubuntu




Another Ubuntu Forum thread on C/C++ editor and compiler.  http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=1724796

Another Ubuntu Forum discussion on editors and compilers.


Ubuntu Forum thread where I found out about Sun Studio, now Oracle Solaris Studio, and KDevelop.  http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=463955

Oracle Solaris Studio http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/server-storage/solarisstudio/overview/index.html

Oracle Solaris Studio, formerly Sun Studio, is a free comprehensive C, C++, and Fortran tool suite for both Oracle Solaris and Linux operating systems that accelerates the development of scalable, secure, and reliable enterprise applications.
KDevelop http://kdevelop.org/

is a free, open source IDE (Integrated Development Environment) for MS Windows, Mac OS X, Linux, Solaris and FreeBSD. It is a feature-full, plugin extensible IDE for C/C++ and other programming languages. It is based on KDevPlatform, and the KDE and Qt libraries and is under development since 1998.

Discussion from Stackflow on Fortran and IDEs.  http://stackoverflow.com/questions/3473854/best-fortran-ide

An interesting discussion on KDev and g77 for a Fortran compiler and IDE.  http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=1094563

Some comments from the above thread link.
KDevelop and Visual Studios are IDE's, they give you a nice coding environment they have backend compilers that actually do the compiling...not the IDE itself 
Kdevelop is just somekind of glueprogram, that has en texteditor, and this program calls/executes the compiler. This is called an ide "integrated dev. environment" Normally it contains funky features like, syntax highlighting, api lookup... You can write your sourcecode in whatever editor you want. And then compile it by hand, by typing Code: gcc yourfile.cpp In a terminal. Makefiles are just a program that simply executes a series of compilations, while checking for dependencies in your program. All compilers as I know them, are commandline tools. The gnu compiler for assembler sourcefiles is called g77.

Intersting discussion on Fortran IDEs and compilers.  http://mandrivausers.org/index.php?/topic/15152-what-ide-is-best-for-fortran/



Ubuntu Forum FAQ's on programming and such.  http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=1006666

Ubuntu Forum on programming guides, has the above FAQ's thread and many more useful tools and information.  http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=1766253

I will try to update this post or add others on programming and such...to be continued...in progress...

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