According to Cohen and Kundu [

**1**,

**2**], Hele-Shaw ﬂow is deﬁned as the ﬂow between objects which are short distances apart or between very small gaps such as tribology or the theory of ﬂows in mechanical bearings. The Hele-Shaw ﬂow occurs for low Reynolds numbers, also known as creeping ﬂow, and remarkably, produces inviscid-like ﬂow visualization. Since the Reynolds number is deﬁnes as a length scale times the ﬂuid density times the speed of the ﬂuid divided by the kinematic viscosity or

\( \mathrm{Re} = \dfrac{\rho U h}{ \mu} = \dfrac{U h}{ \nu} \)the Reynolds number value becomes very small if the distance of the gap is small, \( h \), and even smaller if the fluid speed is slow, \( U \). Experimentalist can get the number even lower by using large dynamic viscosity property fluids, \( \nu \). When an object is place in the gap and fills that space then it has been observed to mimic potential flow theory values around an object [

**3**].

In progress...

**References:**

[

**1**] I. M. Cohen & P. K. Kundu.

*Fluid Mechanics*. (2nd ed.). Academic Press, San Diego, CA. 2002

[

**2**] I. M. Cohen & P. K. Kundu.

*Fluid Mechanics*. (4th ed.). Academic Press, Burlington, MA. 2008

[

**3**] P. A. A. Narayana & K. N. Seetharamu. Engineering Fluid Mechanics. Alpha Science International, Ltd, Middlesex, UK. 2005

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